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Fruits develop from an ovary and its surrounding tissue. After fertilization, ovules gradually mature into seeds. The ovary wall of the flower develops into the wall of the fruit: the pericarp. One feature for fruit classificaiton is the texture of its pericarp. Fruits can be classified as dry fruit or fleshy fruit depending on whether they have dry or fleshy pericarps.

Picture of a peach (fleshy fruit) showing the three layers of the pericarp: exocarp, mesocarp, and endocarp.

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Copyright for the photos on this website belongs to Pu Chen. Images should not be redistributed without the permission of the photographer.